E-CIGARETTE SAFETY: The FACTS Explained (13.09 minutes)
ABOUT E-LIQUID / E-JUICE
Q. What is E-Liquid?
A. E-Liquid is a solution of propylene glycol (PG) and/or vegetable glycerine (VG), optional nicotine (although illegal in Australia) amounts, and food-grade flavourings. The solution vaporises when heated and translates flavour and 'throat hit' when inhaled to simulate smoking tobacco.
Q. What are the Ingredients in E-Liquid (E-Juice)
A. E-Liquid contains only a few ingredients. PG based liquids contain mostly Propylene Glycol, which produces the vapour emitted by the personal vaporiser (electronic cigarette) and it is the carrier of the optional nicotine, although it is illegal to sell e-liquid with nicotine content in Australia. Propylene Glycol is considered generally safe for human consumption by the FDA, and is an ingredient in many food items that we eat. It is also found in shampoos, soaps, and medicines. E-liquid also contains water and artificial flavourings. In rare cases, allergies to PG have been reported, so e-liquids are also sold that do not contain it. They use Vegetable Glycerine (VG) , which is a plant based substance. VG is used in many products that moisturise and clean the skin and is made from coconut or palm oil. In rare instances, people report allergies to PG and may use VG based e-liquid as an alternative. E-Liquid also contains some natural extracts from tobacco in small amounts and natural flavourings.
Q. What is Propylene Glycol (PG)
A. You will find PG in many foods, medicines, and toiletries, so you are already consuming it on a daily basis. "Smoke" at concerts and nightclubs is created by vaporising PG. It is "generally recognised as safe" to inhale and an additive for foods and medications by the FDA. PG has been used as the aqueous-based chemical additive in asthma inhalers and nebulisers since the 1950's, with no serious side effects known.A small portion of the population is allergic to PG, however. You may be confused by the fact that PG is also anti-freeze. Most anti-freeze products were made of ethylene glycol many years ago. PG is now favoured because it is dramatically less toxic than EG. However, if you're still opposed to inhaling anti-freeze, then by that same logic you probably shouldn't be ingesting salt either.
Q. What's the most popular PG/VG mix ratio? May I have my own PG/VG proportion?
A. The most common ratios are 70:30, 60:40, 50:50 PG:VG, VaporState stock the most common from these 3 and that is 60:40. We would consider stocking other Vaporever e-liquids in higher or lower ratios in certain popular flavours, but this would be on a case by case basis. A much easier way to adjust PG/VG ratio is to purchase tasteless or non-flavoured e-liquid with either straight PG or VG and then blend this into your favourite standard 60:40 PG/VG flavoured e-liquid.
Q. Is using E-Liquid with your Personal Vaporiser Healthier than Smoking Tobacco Cigarettes?
A. Smoking cigarettes has been determined by numerous organisations including the Australian Government to cause death. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and other types of cancer, and it causes coronary heart disease which is the leading cause of death in Australia. While e-liquid has not been determined to be healthy or even safe to use, e-liquid has not been officially determined unhealthy or unsafe to use. E-liquids, like all tobacco products contain various additives. It is up to the consumer to choose their e-liquid wisely.
Q. How Do I Store E-Liquids?
Store your e-liquids in a cool, dark place that is OUT OF REACH of children, and AWAY from pets!
Do not expose e-liquids to excessive heat or prolonged sunlight. Liquids may be stored in the refrigerator – in a place furthest from the freezer. Wine coolers are perfect for storing e-liquids! The colour may darken with time; however this will not affect the taste. The shelf-life of e-liquids is 3 years, both the manufactured date and expiry date are printed on all Vaporever E-Liquid products for your convenience.
ABOUT THE HARDWARE
(Batteries, Tanks & Coil Heads etc)
How Do Personal Vaporisers (E-Cigarettes) Work?
A. The basic components of an e-cigarette are the battery, an atomiser tank system. “Vaping” e-liquid (also know as e-juice) is added to the tank system via either bottom or top fill and in some cases direct drip. Models vary, but the concept is the same; when activated, the battery sends an electronic charge to the atomiser coil head, which heats the liquid to produce a satisfying vapor that simulates smoking.
Q. What Are The Costs?
A. The initial investment in our highest quality PV kits from VaporState, plus a couple of 10mL bottles of e-liquid is less than the cost of a carton of cigarettes. Thereafter, the cost to maintain your new vaping lifestyle normally averages about 1/8th of the cost of cigarettes.
Q. What Are The Consumables, Or What Will I Need To Buy Going Forward?
A. Going forward, you will mainly need to replace the atomiser tank system coil heads and e-liquids, frequency is dependant on how much you vape.
Another consumable on a less frequent basis is the battery and the complete tank system. They all wear out and must be replaced to ensure the quality of taste and volume of vapour, once again, this very much dependant upon the type, quality, individual usage and care. E-liquids as quick and easy conversion equivalent is: 1 ml of liquid = 1 x 20 pack of cigarettes.
Q. How Long Does Each Battery Last Between Charges?
A. There is no simple answer to this as it depends on the type and 'mAh' capacity rating of the battery, batteries sold by VaporState are constructed using the latest lithium ion technology and typically a 650mAh capacity rated battery will last over 300 puffs, an 1100mAh over 500 puffs and 2200mAh over 1000 puffs before requiring a full recharge.
Q. Referring To The Battery, What is 'mAh' And Why Is It So Important?
A. The mAh capacity (milliampere-hour) is a unit of electrical charge in batteries. Simply put, the mAh capacity rating refers to the storage capacity available for a particular battery. A battery with a capacity rating of 2200mAh could deliver a current of 2200mA for one hour. Higher mAh ratings for the same battery type will generally mean longer run times between charges.
Q. Why Am I Getting Less Vapour?
A. One of the tell tale signs that it’s time to change a coil head in the tank system is when the amount of vapour gets significantly less. When taking a drag, you will notice that you need to suck much harder to get any vapour. However, another cause of reduced vapour production can also be due to a battery being close to flat, so we recommend you swap or recharge your batteries beforehand, just to make sure.
Q. When Should I Change The Coil Head In The Tank System?
A. There is no hard and fast rule here to be honest, personal vaporisers are not made equal and one can last anywhere between 5 to 14 days. Less vapour or a burnt taste when vaping are signs to look out for. Note that this applies to all sorts, from dual coils to low resistance (LR) ones.
Q. How Should I Care And Maintain My Personal Vaporiser (PV)?
A. Your "PV" is a complex electronic device, and should be treated with the same care as a mobile phone, tablet or camera. Do not expose it to liquids, extreme temperatures, flames or drop on hard surfaces. CLEAN your PV often, maybe even once daily, make sure the contacts between the battery and the tank system have no e-liquid residue, using a soft tissue works well for this job.
Q. Should I Clean A Brand New Tank System Before First Use?
A. Yes, although great care is taken during the manufacturing procedure there are occasions some 'particles' may be present. We recommend completely dismantling the tank system and washing all metal/glass/plastic parts in clean cold water (except the coil head itself. Dry all these parts either naturally or using a soft lint free cloth, most tank systems are made from stainless steel and will always clean very easily.
Q. Do I Need To "Prime" A New Tank System Coil Head?
A. Yes, We Recommend You Do. Why? Although replacing the coil head and filling up the tank system then allowing it to 'Stand' or 'Wick' for a few minutes is normally sufficient, we recommend you place a few drops of e-liquid directly onto the coil head coil/wick thus making sure there is sufficient 'wetness' for the first couple of draws. By not doing this you run the risk of possibly burning the wick directly inside the coil and ruining the taste this coil head will deliver thereafter.